We are on מכת ברד! The word ברד means hail, but this is not any ordinary hail, this hail is giant flaming blocks of ice. משה starts this plague by lifting his מטה in the air, and then ה׳ made flaming ברד fall from the sky. Everyone was shocked that the ברד actually came, but it is not like they had no warning because משה ואהרון warned פרעה about מכת ברד. In ארץ מצרים (where the Egyptians lived) there was ברד everywhere, but in ארץ גושן (where the Jews lived) there was not one piece of ברד in sight. The ברד destroyed all of the plants in ארץ מצרים and it killed all of the מקנה and Egyptians in the שדה, but all of the מקנה and Egyptians in their houses didn’t necessarily die. Why did ה׳ kill all of the מקנה and Egyptians in the שדה but not in the ones in their houses? Well, it is because all of the people and מקנה in their houses showed a sign that they believed in ה׳ because they believed that ברד was really coming. All of the people and מקנה in the שדה didn’t believe that ברד would come so they stayed outside. Most פרשנים believe that מכת ברד lasted for about a week but nobody knows how many days any of the plagues lasted except for מכת דם. How many days do you think the plagues lasted? פרעה’s heart is extremely strong because it hardened even more and it still works. Wow!